Countryside Matters 2014 - page 20-21

Countryside
Matters
18
Countryside
Matters
19
COMMON AGRICULTURE POLICY
COMMON AGRICULTURE POLICY
1957
TheEuropean
EconomicCommunity
iscreatedbythe
TreatyofRome.
TheCAP isproposed
asameansof
ensuringaffordable
food forconsumers
anda fairstandard
of living for farmers.
1950s
1960s
1970s
1980s
1990s
2000s
2010s
1962
TheCAP is
introduced.Europe
hails itasuccess,citing
plentifulsuppliesof food
ataffordableprices.
1970s/80s
TheCAP
becomesavictimof
itsownsuccessand
over-production leads
to ‘foodmountains’.
Measuresare
introducedtocontrol
productionandmatch
foodsupply
todemand.
1992
TheCAPshifts
fromsupporting
marketswhich
guaranteespricesto
providingdirectaid
paymentsto farmers.
Farmersarealso
encouragedtobe
moreenvironmentally
friendly–thesetaside
scheme is introduced.
mid 1990s
TheCAP
focuseson foodqualitywith
newmeasurestosupport
traditionalandregional
foods. Italsosupports
farm investmentand
training leadingto improved
processingandmarketing.
ThefirstEuropean
legislationonorganic
farming is introduced.
2000
Ruraldevelopmentbecomesakey issuewithmoreemphasisoneconomic,socialandcultural
developmentofthecountryside. Thereformsaimedat improvingmarketingwithinagriculturecontinue.
2003
SingleFarmPaymentsare introduced.Farmersreceive income
supportpaymentsonconditionthey lookafter farmlandandadhereto
environmental,animalwelfare& foodsafetystandards.
2004-7
TheEU isgrowing fast– its
farmingpopulationdoubleswith12new
countries joining.TheEUnowhas27
memberstatesand500mcitizens.
2011-today
Newreformsaimtoencourage
environmentalmeasures,supportemployment
&safeguard futureof farmingwithintheEU.
Sowing the
seedsof change
TheCommonAgriculturalPolicy isabout to
change. Thefirstof thenew ‘greening’ ruleswill
be introduced in2014andwillhaveasignificant
impactonBritain’s farmingcommunities.
The Common Agricultural Policy (CAP) has been a fact of life for most UK
farmers throughout theirworking lives. Now, bigchangesareon thehorizon.
TheCAPemerged in thepostwar years; itsobjectivesdefined in theTreaty
ofRomesigned in 1957. Thepolicy itself came into force in 1962. Itsprimary
purposehasalwaysbeentoensure incomesupportforfarmers.However,over
theyearsall sortsof other purposeshavebeen incorporatedwithin theCAP
– particularly environmental measures. Now the CAP is undergoing another
majorevolutionwhich is likelytohaveasignificant impactonBritain’s farming
communities. Themainchange is thesocalled ‘greening’ of themainpart of
theagriculturalpolicy.
Despitethe increase inenvironmentalsentimentacross
Europe, theenvironmental threadremainsasurprisinglysmallpartofthetotal
packagethatistheCAP;currentlystandingataround10%oftheoverallbudget
by
PeterFane
DirectorofEurinco
GROWINGUP
– the evolution of the Common Agricultural Policy
1...,2,4-5,6-7,8-9,10-11,12-13,14-15,16-17,18-19 22-23,24-25,26-27,28-29,30-31,32-33,34-35,36-37,38-39,40-41,...55
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